A very strong effort in the general areas of space and planetary science as well as astrochemistry exists within the School of Chemistry and Biochemistry. Specifically, there is a world-class effort in understanding nonequilibrium processing of surfaces and materials within and beyond our solar system. This is generally known as space weathering and involves understanding the role of electrons, protons, and extreme ultraviolet radiation in transforming surfaces of planets, their satellites (moons), asteroids, and comets. In addition, there are major efforts to examine the atomic and chemical composition of meteorite and lunar samples that may hold clues to the details of planet formation and possibly the chemical origin of life. These efforts are fundamental but are connected to many space missions including the Galileo, Cassini, MESSENGER, Deep Impact, and LADEE missions. Efforts are also underway that examine the chemical processes that occur in star-forming regions, within the solar nebulae, and on grains within interstellar regions.